2024's Cell Therapy Industry Landscape: Trends Shaping the Future of Healthcare

March 26, 2024



Cell therapy is an innovative medical approach that utilizes living cells to treat, prevent, or cure diseases and disorders. It signifies a significant advancement in healthcare, presenting new possibilities for conditions that were previously challenging to manage or untreatable. The fundamental principle of cell therapy involves introducing cells into a patient's body to replace damaged or dysfunctional cells, trigger the body's immune response, or provide missing biological factors. These cells can be obtained from the patient (autologous), a donor (allogeneic), or engineered in a laboratory.

One of the most renowned types of cell therapy is stem cell therapy, which harnesses the unique ability of stem cells to differentiate into various cell types in the body. This versatility makes them valuable for treating a wide array of conditions, including neurological disorders, cardiovascular diseases, and autoimmune disorders.

Cell therapy has the potential to revolutionize treatment by offering more targeted and personalized therapies. Although challenges like ensuring safety, efficacy, and scalability exist, ongoing research and advancements are expanding the potential of cell therapy to enhance patient outcomes and quality of life. As per Reports and Insights analysis, the global cell therapy market size reached US$ 4.7 billion in 2023 and is expected to reach US$ 13.4 billion in 2032, exhibiting a growth rate (CAGR) of 12.3% during 2024-2032.

The Cell Therapy Industry Trends in 2024:

The Increased Investment and Funding in Cell Therapy

In 2024, the cell therapy industry is witnessing a notable rise in investment and funding, which is catalyzing its expansion and evolution. This uptick in financial backing originates from diverse sources, including private investors and public entities like government grants and research allocations. This surge in funding is propelling research and development endeavors, empowering organizations and research establishments to pioneer new therapies and treatment modalities. This encompasses the exploration of innovative cell-based treatments for a broad spectrum of diseases and disorders, ranging from cancer to autoimmune conditions and degenerative illnesses. 

A key factor driving this upsurge in investment is the increasing acknowledgment of cell therapies' potential to transform healthcare fundamentally. These therapies have demonstrated exceptional promise in addressing conditions that were previously considered untreatable, prompting investors to seize the opportunity to contribute to this groundbreaking field. Overall, the heightened investment and funding in cell therapy in 2024 are spurring significant progress, offering new avenues of treatment for patients and setting the stage for a future where many currently challenging conditions could be effectively managed or cured

Various Advancements in CAR-T Cell Therapies

The cell therapy industry is seeing significant progress in CAR-T cell therapies, representing a substantial advancement in cancer treatment. CAR-T (Chimeric Antigen Receptor T-cell) therapies involve modifying a patient's T cells genetically to improve their ability to identify and eradicate cancer cells. A notable development is the emergence of next-generation CAR-T therapies, aiming to enhance treatment effectiveness and safety. These therapies focus on refining CAR-T cell specificity to ensure more accurate targeting of cancer cells while minimizing harm to healthy tissue.

Additionally, advancements are being made to prolong CAR-T cell persistence in the body, potentially leading to longer-lasting and more efficient treatment results. Another trend is the widening application of CAR-T therapies to address a broader spectrum of cancers. Initially used predominantly for blood cancers such as leukemia and lymphoma, researchers are now exploring their use for solid tumors, which pose significant challenges in cancer treatment.  Overall, the progress in CAR-T cell therapies in 2024 represents a substantial stride in personalized cancer treatment, offering renewed optimism for patients and setting the stage for more precise and effective cancer therapies.

The rise of manufacturing technologies for cell therapy

A prominent trend in the cell therapy industry is the emergence of manufacturing technologies specifically designed for cell therapy. These technological advancements are fundamentally transforming the production of cell therapies, making them more efficient, cost-effective, and scalable.  One significant development is the automation of manufacturing processes for cell therapy. Automated systems are capable of executing intricate tasks with precision, reducing the likelihood of errors and contamination. This automation not only accelerates production but also enhances the consistency and quality of cell therapies. 

Another key advancement is the introduction of closed-system manufacturing technologies. These systems are engineered to minimize the risk of contamination by maintaining the isolation of the cell therapy product from the external environment throughout the manufacturing process. Closed-system technologies also diminish the need for manual intervention, thereby improving safety and efficiency.  Furthermore, there is a growing emphasis on the development of scalable manufacturing technologies.

These technologies are designed to meet the escalating demand for cell therapies while upholding stringent standards of quality and safety. Scalable manufacturing technologies enable manufacturers to swiftly and efficiently increase production in response to market requirements.  Overall, the emergence of manufacturing technologies tailored for cell therapy in 2024 is propelling significant enhancements in the production, quality, and accessibility of cell therapies. This progress is benefiting patients and advancing the field of regenerative medicine.

Regulatory Developments

Regulatory developments stand out as a significant trend influencing the cell therapy industry. Regulatory bodies worldwide are modifying their frameworks to address the unique challenges associated with cell therapies, with a primary focus on ensuring patient safety and treatment effectiveness.  One key aspect of these developments is the establishment of clear guidelines for the development and approval of cell therapies. These guidelines provide manufacturers and researchers with specific criteria to adhere to, ensuring that cell therapies undergo thorough testing and evaluation before they can be approved for use. 

Another important trend is the simplification of regulatory processes for cell therapies. Regulatory bodies are working to expedite the approval process for promising cell therapies, particularly those targeting serious or life-threatening conditions. This acceleration is essential for providing timely access to innovative treatments for patients in urgent need.  Furthermore, there is an emphasis on strengthening post-market surveillance of cell therapies.

Regulatory bodies are implementing measures to monitor the safety and efficacy of approved cell therapies once they are available on the market, promptly identifying and addressing any potential risks.  Overall, regulatory developments in 2024 are playing a pivotal role in shaping the trajectory of the cell therapy industry, fostering innovation while upholding standards of patient safety and treatment effectiveness.

Recent Developments in Cell Therapy in the Year 2024

  • March 2024: The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted accelerated approval for lisocabtagene maraleucel (liso-cel), marketed as Breyanzi, for treating certain adults with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL). This CD19-directed chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell product, developed by Juno Therapeutics (a Bristol-Myers Squibb company), is approved for adults with CLL or SLL who have undergone at least two prior lines of therapy, including treatment with a Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor and a B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL-2) inhibitor. This approval marks the first for a CAR T-cell therapy in this treatment setting.
  • March 2024: After more than three decades, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved lifileucel (brand name Amtagvi), marking a significant milestone as the first cancer treatment to utilize immune cells known as tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs). This historic decision, announced on February, also represents the first approval of a cellular therapy for a solid tumor, specifically for the treatment of melanoma, a form of skin cancer.

Prarthana Pandita

Prarthana Pandita, a graduate of Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT) with a bachelor's degree in Biomedical Engineering, is recognized for her academic achievements and dedication to advancing healthcare technologies